The hardware requirements for running the emulator vary depending on your current configuration. We have listed the minimum and recommend hardware requirements below. For the best experience, users should be running within the recommended requirements. We cannot guarantee the performance of system specifications below the recommended requirements but you're always welcome to experiment.
AMD - 6 cores and 12 threads, 8 cores or moreAMD Zen 2 architecture or newer
Intel - 6 cores and 12 threads, 8 cores or moreIntel Skylake architecture or newer
AMD - Vulkan compatible with active driver supportAMD Polaris architecture, RX 400 series or newer
NVIDIA - Vulkan compatible with active driver supportNVIDIA Maxwell architecture, GTX 900 series or newer
8 GB of dual-channel RAM or moreDual-channel memory is highly recommended over single-channel
SSD storage for emulator data, SSD or HDD storage for games
WindowsWindows 10 21H2 or newer, Windows 11 21H2 or newer
LinuxLinux 5.19 (Latest), 5.15 (LTS) or newer
macOSmacOS Monterey 12.0 or newer
FreeBSDFreeBSD 13.1 or newer
AMD - Any x64 CPUCPUs without AVX2 and with less than 4 cores and 8 threads are expected to run very badly overall
Intel - Any x64 CPUCPUs without AVX2 and with less than 4 cores and 8 threads are expected to run very badly overall
AMD - OpenGL 4.3 compatible or newerAMD Evergreen architecture, HD 5000 series or newer
NVIDIA - OpenGL 4.3 compatible or newerNVIDIA Fermi architecture, GTX 400 series or newer
4 GB of RAM or more4 GB is the absolute minimum requirement
SSD or HDD storage for emulator data and games
WindowsWindows 7 SP1, Windows 8.1, Windows 10, Windows 11
LinuxLinux 5.4 (Older LTS), Ubuntu 18.04 or newer
macOSmacOS Big Sur 11.6 or newer
FreeBSDFreeBSD 12.3 or newer
We recommend using a laptop equipped with an 8-core/16-thread 35W+ H-series CPU such as an Intel Core i7-10870H or an AMD Ryzen 7 5800H, as well as having a compatible dedicated GPU (dGPU) with Vulkan compatibility. While being a tall order, this is the ideal spec and we cannot guarantee even remotely good performance with laptops equipped with as little as 4-cores.
We strongly recommend using RPCS3 with a desktop PC over a laptop. Should you want to use a laptop, these are the hardware requirements for an optimal experience.
The software requirements for running the emulator must be met in order for the software to function at all. The PlayStation 3 system software is required because it is utilized to load system files for the emulator such as the PlayStation 3's proprietary system libraries. Linux and FreeBSD based operating systems do not require the Microsoft Visual C++ 2019 redistributable.
Please note - A 64-bit operating system is required. Windows 7, 8, 10 and 11 are supported as well as Linux and FreeBSD.
RPCS3 features an auto-updater which will prompt you if you want to update after loading the emulator. You can either accept, deny or disable updates all together if you wish, though it is not recommended due to the volume of fixes that roll out each day. In the instance that you need to update RPCS3 manually, you can follow the following instructions:
For Windows users, download the latest build and drag and drop all files into your RPCS3 root directory, replacing all files when prompted.
For Linux users, download the latest AppImage and make it executable with the command chmod a+x ./rpcs3-*_linux64.AppImage && ./rpcs3-*_linux64.AppImage
For macOS users, simply open the downloaded .DMG file and drag and drop the RPCS3 app into your applications folder when prompted.
For FreeBSD users, check your system package manager
Due to legal reasons, we cannot distribute official PlayStation 3 firmware files. You must download the latest PlayStation 3 firmware update file from PlayStation.com for use with RPCS3. Once downloaded, you must install the firmware using RPCS3's built in firmware installer found under File > Install Firmware.
By default, firmware modules are loaded automatically based on the PlayStation 3 title that is loaded. You can still override automatic module loading and choose which firmware modules you want to use manually. This is not recommended.
Due to legal reasons, PlayStation 3 titles cannot be distributed online and must be self-dumped from your own PlayStation 3 console or from your computer using a compatible Blu-ray drive.
Both Blu-ray and PlayStation Network titles (PSN) must be placed into a single folder with their respective files and the folder name must correspond to the title's ID. If you are not sure what your dumped title's region ID is, you can find your region ID on the bottom side-edge of your game case. If you are no longer in possession of your title's game case or your title is only accessible through PSN, you can do an internet search for "Your game name here + region ID". Please note that it is very important that you use the correct region ID.
Typical layout of a Blu-ray disc title's directory: PS3_GAME folder, PS3_DISC.sfb, PS3_UPDATE folder (not required)
Typical layout of a PSN title's directory: TROPDIR folder, USRDIR folder, ICON0.png, PARAM.sfo, etc
PlayStation 3 save data is specific to each game and saves the progress for your installed games. Should you want to modify, back up or import your own save data from a real PlayStation 3, here are the following locations where save data is stored per operating system:
For Windows users, save data files can be managed in \dev_hdd0\home\00000001\savedata\
For Linux users, save data files can be managed in ~/.config/rpcs3/dev_hdd0/
For macOS users, save data files can be managed in ~/Library/Application Support/rpcs3/dev_hdd0/home/00000001/savedata/
For FreeBSD users, save data files can be managed in ~/.config/rpcs3/dev_hdd0/
Title IDs that start with a B are Blu-Ray disc titles.
Title IDs that start with a N are PSN titles.
When working with actual title region IDs, the title's region ID will look something similar to this:
Example: BLUS30443 is a US Blu-Ray disc copy of Demon's Souls.
Example: NPEB01393 is a EU PSN copy of Hatsune Miku: Project DIVA F.
.pkg files must be extracted using RPCS3's built-in package installer found under File > Install .pkg (or simply drag and drop .pkg to the main emulator window)
.pkg files will be automatically installed to \dev_hdd0\game\
Blu-ray disc title data can be placed in \dev_hdd0\disc\ or anywhere else except for \dev_hdd0\game\ and can be booted from File > Boot Game if not present on the game list.
PSN title data must be placed in \dev_hdd0\game\
PSN .rap files must be placed in \dev_hdd0\home\00000001\exdata\ (or simply drag and drop them to the main emulator window)
Note: If you're on Linux, RPCS3 folders are located in ~/.config/rpcs3/dev_hdd0/
Title updates are handled the same as PSN .pkg files. The. pkg update file must be installed using RPCS3's built-in package installer found under File > Install .pkg
The update will be placed in the title folder that corresponds to the correct region ID. Please note that title updates must be the same region in order to work. Cross-mixing title regions may create irreversible damage to the title.
When dumping video game software, users are subject to country-specific software distribution laws. RPCS3 is not designed to enable illegal activity. We do not promote piracy nor do we allow it under any circumstances. Please take the time to review copyright and video game software dumping laws and/or policies for your country before proceeding.
By following these instructions, you will do so at your own discretion. Should you follow these instructions against your local law, we shall not be held responsible for your actions.
We recommend that you dump your own PlayStation 3 titles from your own console. This is the most compatible way to migrate your disc-based titles and the only way to dump digital titles to your PC. To do this, you will need a PlayStation 3 system with custom firmware.
For dumping disc-based games, you need to use multiMAN homebrew software in order to dump your disc files. You can transfer those files over to a computer through an external drive or using a FTP connection between your PlayStation 3 and your computer.
Note: The PlayStation 3 has a maximum file size of 4GB. When dumping games which contain files bigger than 4GB, multiMAN will split those files. When you have your dump over on your computer, you must rejoin the split files back together with part merging software such as ps3merge, otherwise the dump won't work.
For dumping digital games, you must copy the game folder from dev_hdd0/game/GameID on your console over to the same path on your RPCS3 folder. You also need to get your console's IDPS, the game's RIF and ACT.DAT, in order to generate a .RAP license file to be used in the emulator.
It is also possible to dump digital content and licenses on any PS3 even without custom firmware, by the way of creating a system backup, and then extracting it with ps3xport software.
You can dump titles using your computer by using select compatible Blu-ray drives. Please note that you can only use this method if a .ird file is available online for the decryption of the disc. Not every Blu-ray drive will recognize PlayStation 3 titles due to how PlayStation 3 format discs are designed. Requirements for a Blu-Ray drive to be able to fully read PlayStation 3 discs are: Mediatek chipset and a +6 read offset.
Here's a compiled list of the known compatible Blu-ray drives that are capable of reading PlayStation format discs for use with your computer.
If you're comfortable with the Linux command-line and you have a compatible Blu-ray drive, you can try ripping PlayStation 3 discs using a Python program called LibRay.
Do note that this method requires an .ird file that matches your title ID to be available on jonnysp.bplaced.net. (libray will automatically attempt to download the correct .ird file, if it exists, so you do not need to do so manually.) If a matching .ird file is not present, please try the PS3 Disc Dumper mentioned below.
This is an automated & user-friendly way of getting a decrypted copy of your PlayStation 3 discs. You must possess one of the aforementioned compatible disc drives to complete the disc dumping procedure. Again, this method will not work with standard Blu-ray drives.
Insert a PlayStation 3 format disc title of your choice into your compatible Blu-ray drive.
Run the PS3 Disc Dumper.
In case the easy way didn't work for you, here's a compiled list of the step-by-step instructions we used for dumping disc-based PlayStation 3 titles.
Insert a PlayStation 3 format disc title of your choice into your compatible Blu-ray drive.
Create the .iso image using an .iso dumping program of your choosing, e.g. ImgBurn or IsoBuster.
Use jonnysp.bplaced.net to download the appropriate .ird file that matches your title ID. If there isn't an .ird file that matches your title ID, you cannot use this method to dump your selected PlayStation 3 disc at this time.
Be sure to check the title ID in case there is a different edition of that title. e.g. Uncharted 2 Game of the Year Edition. You must use the correct .ird with the same title ID, otherwise it won't work. (Example: .ird file for Demon's Souls US disc doesn't work with Demon's Souls EU disc).
Using PS3 ISO Patcher, select the matching .iso and .ird files, then press Patch to apply the decryption keys to the .iso file.
Using 3K3Y IsoTools press Decrypt button and select the .iso with patched-in decryption keys. This will produce decrypted .dec.iso file.
Optionally, validate that you have successfully obtained the correct copy of your game.
You will need to install PS3 ISO Rebuilder tool from jonnysp.bplaced.net
Load your .dec.iso file and your .ird file in the program and let it verify the dump. All of your files must be either Valid or Not required.
In 3K3Y ISO Tools, use the Tools drop-down menu to select ISO > Extract ISO and then select the decrypted .iso file to extract its files.
Another option is to use 7-zip or any other software that is capable of extracting .iso images.
You are now able to use the extracted .iso files with RPCS3.